Creating BartPE from Windows XP Dell OEM CD

Live CD’s are great. When I first downloaded and booted up Knoppix, it blew my mind. A whole operating system that runs off a CD. But why not. The concept behind these distributions is simple enough. After all, the kernel of your OS must be in memory anyway, and most modules and applications are loaded up as needed from storage, which in most cases can be read-only. The only areas where you actually need write permissions are few select directories that the system use to dump log files and temporary garbage. But you can easily implement a virtual disk in RAM that will pretend to be a traditional read-write storage system and you are good to go. Simple, easy to implement and incredibly useful.

Initially this technique was used mostly by a range of novelty linux distributions built to be emergency system rescue platforms, tech demos or stripped down miniature OS’s that you could carry with you in your pocket. Nowadays however use of live CD’s is widespread. Large and popular distributions such as Ubuntu use them by default on their installation CD’s for example. Such a CD can then act as a demo disk, an installer and rescue disk that can allow the user to recover his data when the installed OS gets hosed for some reason. It is a beautiful, user friendly and elegant way to package the system. There is almost no reason not to do this.

And yet the dominant player in the OS market does not even acknowledge this methodology as an option. I think that everyone would agree that a Live Windows CD would be a nice addition to the toolbox of every IT professional. Of course the windows support niche has been filled out by Linux distros quite well. The NTFS support is quite good these days and Linux based tools that allow you to edit windows registry are becoming more reliable each day. Still, it is a bit ironic that you usually have to use Linux to repair or recover a Windows installation – especially considering how much money Microsoft spends on the FUD campaigns against it. You would think that someone at Redmond would notice this, and decide to create a Live Windows version instead of offering users baroque solutions such as the “Windows Recovery Console”.

Sadly, I doubt this will ever happen. After all, Microsoft has spent the last decade trying to tie their OS to the underlying hardware and make it less portable. Reversing their policy and creating a version of Windows that could be carried around on a CD, and boot on any machine without some crazy online activation scheme is probably out of the question.

Of course trying to stifle progress is futile. If enough people want Live Windows CD, it will be made with or without Microsoft’s help. Enter BartPE – a project to create just that, Microsoft be damned. Of course since Windows is a proprietary OS, it is not possible to distribute an actual Live CD of it without incurring legal wrath of the software giant. What can be distributed however is a set of tools that will take your existing (legally licensed) Windows XP CD and turn it into a Live CD. Unless of course you happen to have an OEM version of the CD in which case it does not work.

Not so long ago I ran into a scenario that a live linux CD could not fix. I was dealing with a computer protected by Pointsec for PC full disk encryption. The windows installation on the system was hosed most likely due to a HD damage – at least that’s what I suspected judging from the agonizing grinding noises it was making while trying to load Windows. It was clear that parts of the file system are still intact though because the system would hang or crash at different points during the boot procedure. What I needed from that machine were 3 excel and PDF files that could not be easily recovered if they were lost. The user naturally didn’t back up, because hell – why for, right?

I could of course attempt to decrypt the whole drive (I had the recover file, and admin passwords to do so), but that seemed like a risky move. With a hard drive on its last legs, last thing I wanted it to do is to work real hard for several hours copying bits all over the place. What I wanted to do was to get in, and access the files I needed before the drive collapses upon itself. Live distro was the way to go.

Check Point is actually nice enough to offer a BartPE plug-in on their installation CD’s. They don’t talk about it though, probably because they don’t want to tempt Microsoft which pretends BartPE does not exist. The plugin is unsupported but it works well enough for what I needed it to do. The problem was that to build a BartPE disk I needed a Windows XP CD and the only copy I had on me was a Dell OEM with Service Pack 2 included on the disk. My initial build failed miserably because that Windows CD is crippled in some subtle way.

I did some googling and found a writeup that explains how to use Dell OEM disk to create an UltimateBootCD. It is not exactly what I needed, but following these instructions yielded quite positive results. I had to tweak the writeup in a few places, but for the most part it worked. I will reproduce it here with less atrocious formatting and appropriate corrections.

CD Used for the Build: Windows XP Pro SP2 DELL OEM
Platform on which the build was performed: Windows XP Pro SP3

The procedure:

  1. Copy the contents of the CD to some directory (say C:\WINXP). Make sure you are copying hidden and system files as well as normal files.
  2. Go to BartPE installation directory
  3. Go to the Plugins folder
  4. Create a directory named Dell
  5. Inside create a file named fixdell.inf
  6. The contents of fixdell.inf should be as follows:
    [Version]
    Signature= "$Windows NT$"
     
    [PEBuilder]
    Name="Fix Dell Windows XP OEM boot problems"
    Enable=1
     
    [SourceDisksFiles]
    iastor.sys=4,,4
    a320raid.sys=4,,4
    aarich.sys=4,,4
    aac.sys=4,,4
    cercsr6.sys=4,,4
    afamgt.sys=4,,4
    NvAtaBus.sys=4,,4
    nvraid.sys=4,,4
    symmpi.sys=4,,4
    megasas.sys=4,,4
  7. Download subinacl from Microsoft website here
  8. Install it (choose all default options)
  9. Go to C:\Program Files\Windows Resource Kits\Tools
  10. Copy the subinacl.exe to C:\WINXP\i386\ (or change WINXP to whatever you named your folder in step 1
  11. In C:\WINXP\i386 create a batch file (eg. fixdell.cmd) with the following:
    reg query HKU | find /i "pebuilder" > fixdell.txt
    for /f %%a in (fixdell.txt) do reg unload %%a
    reg load HKLM\DELL setupreg.hiv
    subinacl /subkeyreg hkey_local_machine\dell\controlset001\services\iastor\ /objectcopysecurity=hkey_local_machine\dell\controlset001\services
    reg unload HKLM\DELL
    del fixdell.txt
    del /ah setupreg.hiv.log
    echo Check output to see if there are any errors.
    pause
  12. Run the batch file.
  13. Reboot
  14. Build BartPE CD
  15. ???
  16. Profit

Note that if BartPE throws up warnings about missing files, you should probably go back to step 6 and add these file names to your fixdell.inf file using the same pattern as all the other ones.

If you have a SATA drive, you may need to also slipstream the SATA drivers into your build. You need to do that before you actually build the BartPE CD:

  1. First download the DriverPacks Base and extract it anywhere (eg c:\dp\
  2. Next, grab the DriverPacks Mass Storage bundle. It is currently only available via torrent so if you are behind a firewall, this might be a tricky step.
  3. Take the DP_MassStorage_wnt5_x86-32_1209.7z bundle you just torrented and put it in c:\dp\DriverPacks directory.
  4. Run DPs_BASE.exe (it’s located in your c:\dp\ directory.
  5. In the Location section page select BartPE use the browse button “Browse” to select your BartPE Plugin\ folder.

    Driver Packs Location

    Driver Packs Location

  6. Make sure that DriverPack MassStorage text mode is selected under the DriverPacks™ section:

    Select MassStorage Pack

    Select MassStorage Pack

  7. Hit Slipstream!. This will extract the drivers into your BartPE plugin directory.
  8. Finally, run the BartPE builder tool, and make sure your plugins are initialized correctly. The #DriverPacks.net – BASE should be set to No and #DriverPacks.net – Mass Storage should be set to Yes, as pictured below:

    BartPE Plugin Setup

    BartPE Plugin Setup

  9. Finally, build your BartPE CD.

This ought to give you a CD that can both access encrypted Pointsec drives, and deal with SATA.

To finish my story – it worked. I was able to create a BartPE disk with the Pointsec for PC plugin and then use it to recover the files from the encrypted drive. There is a little trick to it though – you can’t just boot BartPE from disk as usual. You have to let the machine load the Pointsec Pre-Boot Environment, log in as a user authorized to access the machine and then hit Ctrl+F10. This will shoot you over to a customized Pointsec boot selection menu, where you can choose to start the system from the CD. That’s actually the only way to do this. If you allow the system boot from the CD before the Pointsec Pre-Boot Environment kicks in, the encrypted disk will remain inaccessible.

I hope this helps anyone who is trying to build BartPE with a crippled OEM disk. I know this works for Dell OEM, but chances are it might work for other versions too.

This entry was posted in sysadmin notes and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.



6 Responses to Creating BartPE from Windows XP Dell OEM CD

  1. Mart SINGAPORE Mozilla Firefox Windows Terminalist says:

    Yet another example that this really works!

    Reply  |  Quote
  2. Gothmog UNITED STATES Mozilla Firefox Windows Terminalist says:

    Wow, Luke- I work in a PGP disk encrypted environment and I’ll bet they have a similar plugin. I’m going to investigate and build a recovery disk right away! Thanks for the idea!

    Reply  |  Quote
  3. Luke Maciak UNITED STATES Mozilla Firefox Windows Terminalist says:

    @ Mart:

    Yes it does. I just don’t know how people do not know how to follow that chart. I think they are just lazy.

    @ Gothmog:

    Nice. Let me know how it went. The Pointsec plugin is more or less a hush-hush, we don’t talk about it hidden feature. Perhaps PGP is a bit better about this type of stuff.

    Reply  |  Quote
  4. Jonas ISRAEL Internet Explorer Windows says:

    There is an easier way of recovering the data. The encrypted drive can be placed in to a USB cradle and connected via USB to another system. There is a tool available from Check Point (on the ISO) called Dynamic Mount Utility (DMU). Run the tool on the system you have the encrypted HD connected to and authenticate, it will mount the drive as an external drive and you can copy the data from it.

    Also, the BartPE procedure is indeed unsupported but it is definitely no hush hush or anything secret about it. It is available on the ISO under Tools and can be used by anyone so it is definitely not hidden.

    In addition to BartPE it is also possible to generate a WinPE disk.

    Reply  |  Quote
  5. Pingback: Windows Virus That Won’t Let You Log On (Log on Log Off Loop) WordPress

  6. Great tutorial – thanks to you I have just managed to create a BartPE bootable CD from my Dell XP Pro OEM CD (previously kept failing due to errors regarding missing files!). Have also successfully managed to recover data from a dodgy SSD drive using this CD and a USB bootable version of Recuva so now have one very happy customer – thank you!

    Reply  |  Quote

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>